Updated August 27, 2008 18:39:05
The Asian Development Bank is moving to help Pacific countries cushion the impact of soaring global fuel and food prices.
The ADB says if high world prices cut real income for poorer households, by as much as 10 percent, then 1.4 million Pacific islanders will slip below the poverty line by the end of the year.
The ADB is providing $US 225,000 to help developing nations in the region fully assess the impact of rising prices, which have left some with double digit inflation, power shortages and a struggling economy.
And the bank has called on East Timor and Papua New Guinea to use their higher government revenue from mining and oil to help those in need.
quarta-feira, agosto 27, 2008
Por Malai Azul 2 à(s) 19:49
The National (Abu Dhabi)
Marianne Kearney, Foreign Correspondent
Last Updated: August 26. 2008 10:31PM UAE / August 26. 2008 6:31PM GMT
DILI // Plans to build a massive new power station in East Timor have stirred debate over the use of the tiny and impoverished country’s oil profits amid fears the government is squandering its hard-won oil and gas wealth.
The US$390 million (Dh1.43 billion) power station would be the largest project built in the country, where power blackouts are frequent and many areas lack access to the electricity grid.
But critics have objected to the plant, both because of its use of imported heavy oil, a technology mostly considered outdated in the West due to its polluting by-products, such as sulphur, and because it is to be partially funded by dipping into the country’s protected oil and gas funds. This month, the opposition Fretilin Party refused to sign off on the budget because it included funding for the plant.
“We put forward a vote in parliament to eliminate funding for a heavy oil power station in favour of the government exploring renewable energy initiatives,” said Jose Teixeira, an opposition spokesman and former state secretary for natural resources.
With few other resources apart from oil and gas, East Timor established one of the world’s most progressive oil-fund laws, modelled on Norway’s: just three per cent of its profits can be used for public spending; the rest is saved in a sovereign US-based fund that will be used for future East Timor generations.
The country enacted the law to avoid the resource curse: oil- and gas-rich countries squandering their money on expensive projects, with much of the oil profits ending up in the pockets of the elite and little of the wealth trickling down to ordinary citizens.
Jose Ramos-Horta, the president, opposition figures and donors fear the government under Xanana Gusmao, a former guerrilla fighter, plans to recklessly spend a huge portion of the oil money.
The almost $800m midyear budget is more than twice what was budgeted for the first six months of 2008. It also proposes to withdraw an additional $290m of oil funds above the level considered sustainable.
“If this continues, we fear there will be no money left for East Timor’s future,” said Viriato Seac, from La’o Hamutuk, a local group that monitors the government and the oil and gas industry.
Mr Ramos-Horta said he would refuse to pass the budget into law, as there was widespread objection, both at home and among such donors as the World Bank and International Monetary Fund to the use of additional oil funds.
However, one day after publicly criticising the budget, he said his office accidentally signed off on it after he had left on a trip to China. He issued an apology.
The Fretilin Party has also argued that the budget, which would spend $600m in just five months, could lead to corruption.
“[There are] big increases for overseas travel for ministers, luxury four-wheel drive cars for MPs and cars for civil servants. The money will just disappear and risk the rise of both corruption and inflation,” Mr Teixeira said.
The state secretary for electricity and water has vowed to push on with the electricity station, arguing East Timor desperately needs power if its economy is to grow.
“We need to deliver electricity quickly to the people,” Januario da Costa said.
He argued that more environmentally friendly types of stations, such the hydro-powered plant currently supplying power to eastern Timor, take too long to build. “We’ve been building the Iralalaro hydroelectric power station from 2003 until now, and it’s still not complete,” he said.
The government has argued that public spending is necessary to combat the high unemployment and social unrest plaguing much of the remote, mountainous country, since the outbreak of violence and instability in 2006.
Tens of thousands of people were displaced during the crisis, most of whom have only recently returned to their homes. East Timor also has been severely hit by rising global oil and food prices, and part of the budget will be used to subsidise the cost of basic foods.
Sources within the finance ministry are particularly concerned with the large amount of money allocated for the power station, and the $240m to subsidise food and other basic necessities.
“No previous government ever spent more than $180m a year, how will they spend over $770m this year?” asked one foreign adviser in the finance ministry.
Critics also said the government may have already chosen a company to build the power station and grid, because it allowed just three weeks for international companies to put in an expression of interest.
Mr Costa denied there was any favoured tenderer and said despite the short time period, 14 multinational companies, including those from Australia and Singapore, had submitted proposals.
Mr Teixeira, the opposition spokesman, said the country needed projects that created employment and upgraded infrastructure, but said he feared the electricity station would be “a white elephant” that “squandered the country’s future”.
East Timor is one of Asia’s poorest countries and has struggled for years to obtain the billions of dollars in revenue from its oil and gas fields.
Australia, which originally signed an agreement with former conquering power Indonesia, initially claimed it should have the right to 50 per cent of the oil and gas fields in the Timor Sea, based on an earlier deal with Jakarta. But since 2002, East Timor has argued that under current maritime laws 90 per cent of the fields would be considered within its sea boundaries.
Por Malai Azul 2 à(s) 19:48
Attempted assasination of President Ramos-Horta investigation documents 2008
(Redirected from East Timor shooting of President Ramos-Horta and killing of rebel leader Reinado investigation documents 2008)
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timor-horta-shooting-documents-2008.zip (click to view full file)
timor-horta-shooting-documents-2008.zip (alternative address)
Carefully assess this document and post your findings. Summary
The archive presents six scanned documents pertaining to the Feb 11, 2008 shooting of José Ramos-Horta, President of East Timor (Democratic Republic of Timor Leste) and the killings of Leopoldino Mendonca Exposto and East Timor rebel commander Alfredo Reinado.
autopsy-alfredo-reinado-110208.pdf presents the Feb 11, 2008 autopsy report for Alfredo Reinado conducted by Dr. Muhammad Nurul Islam of Hospital Nacional Guido Valadares, Departamento de Pathologia Forensica and observed by agents from UNPOL, PNTL and the UNDP. The manner of death specified is "Homicide" as a result of multiple gunshot wounds, including one inflicted from the front into the neck. All wounds are declared to have been high-velocity and fired from a short distance.
autopsy-leopoldino-exposto-110208.pdf presents a second Feb 11, 2008 autopsy filed by Dr. Muhammad Nurul Islam, this time into the death of Leopoldino Mendonca Exposto. The manner of death is "Homocide" caused by a gunshot injury to the head, supposedly entering through the back of the head and also fired at high-velocity from a close range.
tt-relations-n-110208.pdf (where n is 1 to 4 inclusive) presents 4 parts of a sophisticated intelligence diagram illustrating the telephone contacts between various people, including Alfredo Reinado, President José Ramos-Horta, other members of the Timor political elite and persons in Australia and Indonesia. The documents have been assembled into a single image by Wikileaks staff and are presented separately as East Timor Presidential assassination intelligence intercept map 2008.
major-alfredo-sms-protocol.pdf presents a log of mobile phone short messages to and from Major Reinado that were intercepted either side of his death on Feb 11, 2008.
mou-sosaatu-maj-kareta-joy-goncalves.pdf presents a memorandum of understanding between Ermera Moris Foun and Joanico Goncalves about the exchange of a Nissan Safari 1997 model for the price of USD 13,000. The money is to be exchanged in at least two steps. The document is dated 20th of December 2007. freedom-of-movement-for-major-alfredo-reinado-oct2007.pdf presents a letter dated 12th of December 2007 and signed by José Ramos Horta, the President of the Democratic Republic of Timor Leste. The letter is a written guarantee that neither Reinado nor his men will be captured during "the period of the process of dialogue". This process is declared as the sole possibility to solve the crisis spawned in 2006 and uphold justice in Timor Leste. The order is "incumbent" for all "national and international institutions in Timor Leste" and applies for example to "movements and displacements of Major Alfredo Reinado and his group". Another copy of this document was released by Wikileaks as Timor rebel leader Reinado safe conduct letter on September 3, 2007.
Government (bureaucracy) Wikileaks release date
Monday August 25, 2008
Primary language English
File size in bytes 3331817
File type information Zip archive data, at least v2.0 to extract
Cryptographic identity SHA256 f1779be191b7216015ca26de7f5a3ce2899fd1a8d9224630194e922424f6df6f
Por Malai Azul 2 à(s) 03:58
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Obrigado pela solidariedade, Margarida!
Mensagem inicial - 16 de Maio de 2006
"Apesar de frágil, Timor-Leste é uma jovem democracia em que acreditamos. É o país que escolhemos para viver e trabalhar. Desde dia 28 de Abril muito se tem dito sobre a situação em Timor-Leste. Boatos, rumores, alertas, declarações de países estrangeiros, inocentes ou não, têm servido para transmitir um clima de conflito e insegurança que não corresponde ao que vivemos. Vamos tentar transmitir o que se passa aqui. Não o que ouvimos dizer... "